Like most animals, cats can be stoic and make it hard to tell when there is something seriously wrong. In this article, we will discuss common feline diseases and the symptoms to look out for.
1. Feline Lower Urinary Tract Diseases
Also called FLUTDs, this actually covers a number of diseases such as bacterial cystitis, bladder stones, urethral plugs or cancer. Symptoms of FLUTD include:
- Problems with urination. This could be straining to urinate, crying out while urinating, urinating outside of the litter box and having blood in the urine.
- Depression and lethargy
- Lack of appetite
A cat that cannot urinate is an emergency situation, and the cat needs to be taken to a vet immediately. Treatment for FLUTD can range from antibiotics to surgery, depending on the specific disease. Pet owners can help prevent FLUTD by doing the following:
- Helping cats maintain a healthy weight
- Increasing water consumption by use of a pet fountain or Incorporating wet food into their daily diet
- Providing a stress-free environment
- Using Cosequin for Cats
These external parasites are a big annoyance to humans and cats. A cat with fleas may exhibit these symptoms:
- Persistent scratching and/or licking
- Red spots
- Hair loss
Owners can spot fleas in a cat’s fur by looking for fleas or their feces in the fur, or the owners may even notice bites on themselves. A cat with fleas will require medication. Fortunately, it’s very easy to prevent fleas. Cats can be sensitive to insecticides, so it’s important to talk to a veterinary professional about the best products available.
3. Dental Disease
Just as a human mouth will deteriorate if it’s not cleaned regularly, so will a cat’s. Dental disease symptoms include:
- Bad breath
- Difficulty eating
- Loose teeth or painful red gums
- Excessive drooling
- Pawing at the mouth
If dental disease has set in, a professional cleaning at the vet may need to be done. To keep dental disease at bay, cat owners can purchase a specially made toothbrush and toothpaste to clean their cats’ teeth weekly.
Roundwoms are internal parasites that are most harmful to kittens and older cats. Roundworms are between three and six inches long and move about freely in the intestines. A kitten with roundworms may have the following symptoms:
- Distended belly
- Abdominal tenderness
- Lack of appetite
- Vomiting and diarrhea
Adults and kittens with a small number of roundworms may not display many symptoms. Prevention and treatment involves a diagnostic fecal test and a deworming medicine given on a scheduled basis.
This growing health problem in America is not limited to humans. A cat owner should be able to feel their cat’s backbone and ribs without much difficulty. If that’s difficult, the cat may be overweight or obese.
Obesity can cause many serious health problems, including:
- Liver disease
Pet owners should discuss diet recommendations and ways to keep a cat in shape with their vet.
Your Full Service Veterinary Hospital in Banning, CA
Banning Veterinary Hospital understands that pets are part of the family and will do whatever possible to make these family members healthy again. The hospital is equipped to handle surgery, ultrasound, digital radiography, urgent care, dentistry and more. Walk-ins for urgent cases are welcome, or you can schedule an appointment on our website today.